鲁西南地区中小学生防震减灾科普认知及需求研究
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摘要
为了解鲁西南地区中小学生对防震减灾科普的认知情况及需求,采用问卷调查等方法对鲁西南地区典型城市菏泽市开展了此次研究。研究发现,该地区中小学生总体上在地震科学常识、地震部门工作内容以及避震救助技能和识别谣言能力方面处于中等偏上水平,但在部分题目上也存在认知度较低的状况。在防震减灾科普的态度和需求偏好方面,97.04%的学生表示愿意参加防震减灾知识培训,大部分学生还是偏好传统媒体的渠道与形式。另外,在示范与非示范学校、城区与乡镇学校、中学与小学的对比中,发现了明显的群体差异性。本次调查对今后开展山东全省公众的防震减灾科普认知及需求状况研究提供了一定的依据和指导。
In order to know the awareness and demand on scientific knowledge popularization of earthquake disaster mitigation among primary and middle school students in southwestern Shandong Province,Earthquake Administration of Shandong Province launched this investigation in the typical city of southwestern Shandong—Heze.The results indicate that the general level of scientific knowledge on earthquake disaster mitigation among the primary and middle school students in this area is above the average.But the cognitive level is low in some professional aspects,sucn as' the relationship between the magnitude and intensity.97.04% of the students are willing to receive scientific knowledge education for earthquake disaster mitigation.Most of the students prefer traditional media.In addition,obvious group differences exist between the demonstration school and non-demonstration school,the city school and country school,the middle school and primary school.The results of the investigation have provided scientific guidance to conduct the investigation among the public in Shandong Province.
引文
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