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Arc Hydro与Arc Hydro Groundwater水文数据模型研究综述
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摘要
由于目前在地表水与地下水的联合模拟研究中备受青睐的Arc Hydro与Arc Hydro Groundwater水文数据模型能否应用于水文模拟尚缺少实证性研究,通过查阅大量文献资料,分析这两个水文数据模型的功能和优点,以及存在的问题和未来发展趋势。指出Arc Hydro模型虽然具备强大的水文分析与提取功能,但其本身并不能实现水文模拟,必须与独立的水文模型利用数据交换来完成水文模拟;Arc Hydro Groundwater模型虽然包含MODFLOW分析模型,但只能对MODFLOW模型输出的结果进行可视化处理,目前还不具备独立的地下水模拟功能。认为地表水与地下水联合模型与GIS耦合集成平台的开发将是未来研究的热点。
        Arc Hydro and Arc Hydro Groundwater hydrological data model are favored by scholars in the joint simulation of surface water and groundwater,but empirical researches on whether hydrological simulation can apply Arc Hydro and Arc Hydro Groundwater model are lack. According to this problem,the functions and advantages of these two hydrological models were analyzed,furthermore,the remaining problems and the development trend were also discussed by a review of a large number of documents. It is pointed out that although Arc Hydro has function of strong hydrological analysis and extraction,this model cannot realize hydrological simulation,data exchange is necessary to complete hydrological simulation with independent hydrological model. Arc Hydro Groundwater contains MODFLOW analysis model,however,it only can visualize process for MODFLOW model outputs and does not yet have independent groundwater simulation function. The development of integrated platform combining joint simulation model of surface water and groundwater with GIS coupling is supposed to be a hot research.
引文
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