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对国内外祖母绿开发利用现状及市场发展的几点思考
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  • 英文篇名:Some thoughts on the development and utilization of emeralds and worldwide market development
  • 作者:崔笛 ; 张福良 ; 景辰
  • 英文作者:CUI Di;ZHANG Fuliang;JING Chen;Gem and Jewellry Department,Shanghai Industrial and Commercial Polytechnic;Resources Exploration and Technology Guidance Center,Ministry of Land and Resources;Xinjiang Vocational University;
  • 关键词:祖母绿 ; 开发利用 ; 市场发展
  • 英文关键词:emerald;;development and utilization;;market development
  • 中文刊名:中国矿业
  • 英文刊名:China Mining Magazine
  • 机构:上海工商职业技术学院珠宝系;国土资源部矿产勘查技术指导中心;新疆职业大学;
  • 出版日期:2018-03-15
  • 出版单位:中国矿业
  • 年:2018
  • 期:03
  • 基金:2016上海高校青年科研骨干培养计划(简称:“晨光计划”)资助(编号:I6CGB22)
  • 语种:中文;
  • 页:168-171
  • 页数:4
  • CN:11-3033/TD
  • ISSN:1004-4051
  • 分类号:F426.8;TS933.2
摘要
祖母绿是世界四大高档宝石之一,近些年来在国内珠宝市场赢得较多关注和喜爱。本文介绍了全球祖母绿产地分布情况、国内外产地开发利用现状、祖母绿产量、祖母绿新产地的勘查动态和市场发展的情况,目前世界祖母绿近60%产量来自哥伦比亚和赞比亚。此外,从近10年祖母绿价格变化的趋势、祖母绿成为国际彩色宝石消费主力、国际矿业公司对于祖母绿原石的开采和稳定供应、祖母绿原石分级和拍卖等方面介绍祖母绿市场的发展和环境。综合祖母绿开发利用现状和市场考虑,结合世界珠宝行业发展趋势,提出我国祖母绿市场有着较为巨大的发展潜力的思考;对于新技术引入标定祖母绿产地的信息,给出优化商业系统与促进发展的思考;借鉴钻石分级的体系,提出祖母绿需要推行相应的品质分级标准将市场规范化,让消费者受益的看法。
        Emerald is one of the world's four top grade gems,and has won more attention and affection in domestic jewelry market in recent years.This paper introduced global distribution of emerald,development and utilization of situation both at home and abroad,new emerald origin exploration,and the situation of market development,currently world emerald nearly 60% yield from Colombia and Zambia.In addition,this article analyzed the trend of emerald price changes of nearly 10 years,emerald becoming the main force of international colored gemstones consumption,mining companies providing emerald rough stones and stable supply,emerald rough stone grading system and auction.Based on the current situation and market,consideration of the development trend of world jewelry industry,it has put forward on the development potential of China's emerald market.About the information of the new technology to trace original emerald origin,it gived the thinking of the optimization of the business system;drawing on the system of diamond grading,it is suggested that emerald should implemented quality grading standard to standardize the market and benefit consumers.
引文
[1]胡荣荣,张世涛.祖母绿矿床研究现状[J].化工矿产地质,2006,28(4):235-236.
    [2]禹秀艳,李甲平,汪立今.新疆南部祖母绿(绿柱石)成矿地质条件初探[J].中国矿业,2011,20(11):61-63.
    [3]刘丽君,唐贺.NGTC专家赴云南麻栗坡祖母绿矿调研[J].中国宝石,2014(9):197.
    [4]Cynthia Unninyar.Emerald from Brazil[J].Incolor,2015(9):17-20.
    [5]Thomas R Yager,W David Menzie,Donald W Olson.Weight of production of emeralds,rubies,sapphires,and tanzanite from 1995through 2005∥U.S.Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1013[EB/OL].http:∥pubs.usgs.gov/of/2008/1013.
    [6]国际彩色宝石协会网站,世界祖母绿进展报道[EB/OL].http:∥www.gemstone.org/incolor/IncolorEmerald/index.html.
    [7]Gemfields公司官网.2016年度公司财务报告[EB/OL].https:∥gemfields.co.uk/.
    [8]Susan Wacaster.The Mineral Industry of Colombia[EB/OL].https:∥minerals.usgs.gov/minerals/pubs/country/index.html#pubs.
    [9]Nathan Renfro.A New Discovery of Emeralds from Ethiopia[J].Gems&Gemmology,2017(1):4.
    [10]Donald W Olson.2011 Minerals Yearbook:Gemstones[R].The United States Geological Survey,2013.
    [11]Andrew Lucas.The GIA Jaipur Emerald Industry Expedition[J].Gems&Gemmology,2014(3):30.

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